Citizenship and Naturalization FAQs





Q1. How can I become a U.S. citizen?

A1. U.S. citizenship is obtained in the following ways:

  1. Automatically, by birth in the U.S., its territories or possessions (pursuant to the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution), or by birth abroad to one or more U.S. citizen parents;
  2. Derivatively, as when a child derives citizenship through the naturalization of at least one parent; and,
  3. Through naturalization, as when an affirmative application is made to become a U.S. citizen by virtue of having been a lawful permanent resident for a specific period. This category usually requires taking the oath of allegiance, being of good moral character, and having knowledge of English and U.S. government and history, and a history of physical presence in the USA, with some exceptions.

For proof of the first two categories, it is often faster to apply directly for a U.S. passport from the U.S. Passport Agency. A naturalized citizen can obtain a U.S. passport as soon as the oath of naturalization is taken and the Certificate of Naturalization is received.

Q. 2, Where can I find good study materials for the naturalization test?

A. 2. USCIS has excellent study materials including flash cards, videos and more. Also, most libraries have good learning materials and there are plenty of ESL and other civics tools online.